INTRODUCTION

Zambia is a land-locked country in the tropics of Southern Africa. It covers an area of more than 750,000 sq.km. and is thus slightly smaller in area than France and the UK combined. It gained its independence from colonial rule on 24 Ocotber 1964 with Kenneth Kaunda as its first president. Part of its southern border is formed by the Zambezi River, with the Victoria Falls on the border with Zimbabwe. Victoria FallsMost of Zambia consists of high undulating plateau at an altitude of 1,000-1,600 m above sea level which is incised by the valleys of the Zambezi, Kafue, Luangwa and Luapula rivers.

The climate can be split into three periods December-April hot and wet, May-August the dry season and September-November when it remains dry but becomes increasingly hot.basket weaving Livingstone

The country is populated by many related groups of people who speak different languages although almost a quarter have Bemba as their first language. Most of the other languages are spoken by a few hundred thousand people out of the total population of about 10.5 million.

Combretum zeyheri seed

The vegetation of Zambia can be divided into a number of main types:

Mopane woodland dominated by Colophospermum mopane.

Miombo woodland with Brachystegia, Julbernardia and Isoberlinia as the main tree genera.

Munga woodland a thorny woodland with species of Combretum prominent with their four winged seeds.Ebony Forest

Riparian Forests these occur as narrow strips along the rivers and include trees such as Diospyros mespiliformis (ebony), Gardenia volkensii (wild gardenia), Kigelia africana (sausage tree) and Trichilia emetica (Natal mahogany).Sunset Mwaleshi River